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logo.gif (31909 bytes)pathivukal.gif (1975 bytes)             Pathivugal  ISSN 1481-2991

â:..â                                    Editor: V.N.Giritharan
â 2006 73 - !
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á񧼡 â Ψø측 Ţ Ţ!
ġ ̼, ը θ, ɡ

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N.K.Makalingamè Ţè š? Ţè 򾢺Ģ¢ ¢ Ǣ , áȡá Ţ ¢ Ȣ 򾢡Ǣ ؾ Ψ Ţɸǡ Ǣ . ؾǢ Ţ (ghost writer). 측 Ţ. , š. Ψ¢ 򨾧¡ š â ǡġ, ¢ ¢ ̸ȡ. ɡ. Ģ¾ â , Ũג , 측 Ƹ , Чš . 측 ƨ Ȣ. 

. Ȣ¡ Ȣ¡ ڸ, â ̾, Ţ о, Ţ ǡ, 򾢡 ǡ ɢ 𼾢ǡ ¡ šǢ (racist utterances) . 측 Ţ측š, ġ 측;측š, Ψè ؾŢ. ý측. 

, ̾ Ȩ 츽측 ơǢ ¡ ơ Ψ ؾ. ¢ ¡, ľ, ¡¡, . ¡, ɡ측, θǢ Ţ ;, ¢ ¢ Ө¡ , ǡ ǡ Ţ , Ţ , áȡá, , , ¡ Ţ Ǣ Ǣɡ Ө¡ ;Ӹ ã𨄸Ǣ , ȡǡ Ũ ġǡ ԽԼ 측 и. Ţ Ш¢,  ¨ , . 

¢ ɧ¡ ã𨺸 򾢦, ¢ 桢Ǣ - ռ ¢ Ţ ɧ¡ Ө 측 ɡ, , š, Ǣš ¢ , ̾ ;ג Ǣ ̾ ؾ’ ¢ Ǣ; , , š츢 Ƹټ ؾȢ ǡ. Ȣ Ǣ ź. The proof is in the pudding. 

(It) was a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and  fury, signifying nothing   , Ȣ, ȡ Ģ¢츢ȡ. 

ȧ, Ƣ ȧ Ȣ. 츽 츢 , ڼ (fossilised)  . ɡ,; ţ Ƣ  , š¡ (two cents worth) 츨  ŢŸ Ƣ Ȣ , ȡ, ¢ θȡ ȡ , Ƣ ¡ Ȣ, , ¢츢. 

Ψè ž ý о: Ψè 츢. , 츢 ȡ Ȣ Ģ š򨾸 âŢ ʧ , Ţ. Ţ𼾡 , ŨǨ , š ŢĒ ɡɡ. 측  ؾ. , , ȡ ؾ§ Ψ. 

, ɼŢ Ƣ¡ ȡ. ý ţ Ө¢ ǡ , š  ǡ -šɡĢ, 򾢡, ﺢ, 측, ɢ ȡ- Ǣ , ţ, Ǣ¢ ǡ , , , š, ؾ 츢.  , 󨾸Ǣ Ţ, Өȸ, , ¢ , , ȡ θȡ. 

, 츢 , , Ө¢ ġ, ǡ Ũ¢ ġ , Ţ Ψ¢ Ӿġ . 

, Ũ Ģ ȢӸ , š Ţ ¡, ţ Ƣ¢ ¡, 󨾸 Ţ Ȣ¡, ¡,. Ƣ¡ Ȣ ġ, ¡, ؾ . Ȣ Ƹ, Ƹ, š츢 Ƹ Ģ 츢, м, Ƣ, Ǣ , , Ģ, Ǣ Ө¢ , ¡ Ƣ ؾ. 

ġ, 󨾸 ¢ § ŢŢ Ƣ Ţ Ƣ¢ (sociolinguistics)  Ǣ ټ Ψ ؾ. ¢ (;- . ý; 󾧾, ġ, ¡, Ȣ ǢԼ ؾ ġ ȡ. , ¢ Ȣ В 򾢸ټ ؾ) Ţ, 򾨾 ġ 측 측 . ټ, Ǣ Ȣ¡¢ɡ ¡, š ǡ, (š, š -ethnic purity- ȢȢ, ¡ -symptom and identity- Ţ;.) ؾ. ġ. Ψ, Ӿ á Ţ ܼ Ũ, 

 * 񦽡 Ǣ, 
  Ģ ̼ ը ¡, 
  (, 38)

: ȡ츢, . ¢ Ţ, ¢ , Ȣ Ȣ . ¡ ȡ , Ȣ ȡ , , Ӿ . اšâ 째 , Ȩ Ţ Ŧȡ ¡ . ̼ 񽣨 Ţ. ը, 츢 . ɡ, ظ Ţ 쨸 . . 

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