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ŢŢ ׸ Ƣ׼ Ҿ ټ Ǣ.

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׸Ǣ ŢŢ ̾ . Ţ .

Ũ , á š . .     editor@pathivukal.com

ȢŢ
Solar

ɢ¢ 쾢
                              
. þ, ɼ

â !

â 쾢 [Fusion Energy] , [Plasma Reactor]! Ǣ¢ ¢ ¢ â, Ǣ Ţ 쾢, Ȣ Ӿ šâ ո! 4000 Ģ θǡ, â Ţɡ 40 Ģ MW 쾢 Ǣ¡츢 츢! 째 ̾ 20 Ģ ʸâ K! âš , š [Earth's Atmosphere] 򾨾 Ţ 400 Ģ ¡! â , 측 츢. šǢ [Density] 12 . â , [Gravitation] , Ţɡ 4 Ģ š и , ¡ 쾢 . â ʃ šԨ â , Ģ Ǣ¡ 쾢 600 ¢ Ģ á âо 쾢 ! ɡ ¢ 쾢 Ǣ, ĸǢ âš , , Ţﻡɢǡ ?

Solar Nuclear Furnace

1952 Ӿ ¢ â측, 1953 20 É¡ Ծ [Thermo-Nuclear Weapon] à [H-Bomb] ¡â Ӿ Ӿ ⨠츢 Ȣ . ɡ 츢 Ţﻡɢ¡ Ũ Ţ!
ĸ ȡ Ţﻡɢ ġ Ȣѽ ¡ Ȩ šġ ¢츢!

쾢 ȡ ̨ ĸ θǢ š 츢 ¢츢! Ƣ θǢ ȡ ̨¡ Ƣĸ ո! â측Ţ 쾢 ȡ ̨ Ģɢ¡Ţ Ţâ , š Ƣ ׸ , Ũĸ 󾨾 ¡ Ȣ! ȡ ã , Ϻ쾢 Ǣ Ţ , â ̸ Ţ, Ϻ쾢 â측Ţ .

¢ ĸ 쾢 âȢ 츢. 쾢 ȡ ̨ Ţɡ š Ţ, Ţ Ǣ¡ 쾢 ھ! ɡ Ө¢ š츢 о ĸ ﺢɢ á, Ȩ ո!

쾢, 쾢 Ը !

Ţﻡ , 1905 ʧħ, [Matter] 쾢¡ ġ Ӿ Ӿ ɡ! о " 쾢 " [Mass Energy Equation] ¾. 40 θ Ƣ â측Ţ 셢, ġ Ţﻡɢ Ө¢ ! ɡ Ǣ¢, , Ǣ ¾ θǡ ո!

Fusion Images






ĸ , 1945 Ӿ Ը ! ġ Ţﻡɢ [Fission Bomb] , Ã ¡â ӨȨ š츢 ɡ ġ 츢 . 1952 Ӿ ¢ â측 Ӿ Ã [Fission Fusion Bomb] , 쾢 Ţ Ȣ! 쾢¢ , ! 쾢¢ , Ã ! 츢 , â Ţﻡɢ, á [Robert Openheimer]. Ã ¡â , â Ţﻡɢ, [Edward Teller]. 쾢 쾢 ʧĢ Ţﻡɢ. 쾢, 쾢 Χ "ƢŢ Ţﻡ" [Science of Destruction] Ƣ 쾢! Ƣ 쾢 쾢¡ Ţﻡɢ!

ԧɢ [Uranium235], 𧼡ɢ [Plutonium239] ġǢ [Heavy Elements] ը á 츢 , " 쾢". Ã, â, â, Ģ Ǣ ĸǢ [Light Elements] ը 츢 , Ǣ, " 쾢". 쾢, 쾢 ը [Nucleons] , Өȧ Ǣ¡. [Nuclear Reactions] [Matter] , Ţ Ȣ [Fission Products] ŢǸ. Ǣ Ţ â š. Ǣ ھ " " [Mass Defect] , 쾢 Ǣ¡. о " 쾢" [Binding Energy] θ. 쾢Լ, á, ҧá [Sub-atomic Particles] ڸ.

Einstein 쾢¡ ġ! ¢, 쾢 ġ! Ҿ Ţﻡ 1905 ĸ Ҹ " 쾢 " [Mass Enery Equation] ɡ. Ȩ Ǣ Ÿ򧾡 Ө 츢ɡ 쾢¢ Ǩ 츢 Ţġ. ԧɢ-235 , 11,000 š 쾢 Ǣ¡!

¢ħ â, ͼáǢ Ţ 쾢 š츢 츽측 θ , Ǣ Ţ 츢! Ө¢ Ţﻡɢ , âɢ Ţ Ĩ . [Matter] â, ɢ šǡ [Ionized Gases] Ȣ, Ţ츨 [Electrical Repulsion] Ȣ, , 쾢 Ǣ¡츢 â âŨ Ө¢ !

á¡ š [Plasma] , ݼ â. ɡ ɢ 츢, Ģ ʸâ ݼ츢, ⨠? Ţ [Self-Sustaining] ? ġ Ţɸ Ţﻡɢ, ﺢɢ Ȩ ո!

ܼ š ?

à š "" [Isotopes] . â [Deuterium], ȡ â [Tritium]. , ҧá [Proton] 쨸 , á [Neutrons] 쨸 ĸ [Elements]. ɣ [Electric Charge] Ţ, ٨ [Atomic Mass] . ĸǢ Ģ [Periodic Tables of Elements], ¡ . 60 Ģ â 1 á â . â [Molecule] â 7000 ȡ ¢ , ú Ө¢ â . â ɿ ԧɢ ĸ [Heavy Water Uranium Reactors] , ɿâ 񼡸. ɼŢ [CANDU] ĸǢ ɿ, â , 쾢 ¡ Ǣ š ĸ [Light Elements] ɼŢ 츢. á Ө¢ , Ǣ ĸǡ Ã, â, â, Ģ Ȣ, [â + â] š 쾢 Ⱦ, ĸ θ ¢, Ţ š츨ǧ â ǡ ¡ ո. ž , 80 Ģ ʸâ C.

â+â=Ģ+á+17.6 MeV 쾢

Deuterium+Tritium=Helium+Neutron+17.6 MeV Energy

Equation

ȡ š [Fusion Reactor] "" [Tokamak] , [Donut] Ũ . "" É . : Ũ [Toroidal Magnetic Chamber]. Ģ ʸâ ɢ š [Plasma] 츢 Ũ ո Ǽ ! ġ Ţ!

Ţ ׸ [Four States of Matter] . , , š, [Solid, Liquid, Gas & Plasma]. š , ɢǡ [Positive, Negative Ions] â š Ȣ [Electrical Conductor] ¡. 쾢 쾢 , Ģ š ¡, ¡ [Helium Blanket for Plasma & Heat Transport Medium] ġ. ݧâ Ģ š Ȣ¢ [Heat Exchanger] áŢ 츢 ɢ [Turbine Generator] ġ. â측Ţ , â Ƹ 1981 ո.

Tokamak Reactor Ţ ӨȸǢ ý [Plasma Confinement] ġ. Ӿġ Ө " " [Gravitational Confinement Fusion]. Ө â, ͼáǢ ŢǢ , š
θ. ɢɡ ¢ ¡!

, "Ţ " [Magnetic Confinement Fusion]. ܼ . 1950 Ӿ á Ө Ħ θ. Ө¢ šо [Tokamak] . , 츢 Ҹ : , , [Temperature, Time & Density]. 200 Ģ ʸâ Ţɡʸ , š . Ȩ "ġ ¾" [Lawson Criterion] .

ȡ Ө: "ӼŢ " [Inertial Confinement Fusion]. ĺ ţ [Laser Beams]  [Implosion] 쾢 . Ө Ծ [Nuclear Weapons] ¡ , Ţﻡɢ θ.

1991 Ӿ Ӿġ ġ , ĸ â JET [Joint European Torus] â, â š츨 200 Ģ ʸâ 2 Ţɡʸ 1.8 MW 쾢 츢ɡ! Ũ Ш Ȣ ׾! ɡ ! ̨ 1000 Ţɡʸ , á¢ Ȣ¡!

Fusion Reactor1992 â측, á, É¡, ɼ, ĸ θ 1000 š ITER [International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor] Ţ á ¡á ո. 6.6 Ģ . 2005 θ ո.

쾢¢ θ! ̨θ!

쾢 쾢 Ţ ӨȸǢ . 쾢¢, 쾢 ¢ 츢 Ũ â [Radioactivity] ! 쾢¡ â Ȣǧ! â측Ţ ã , É¡Ţ 쾢 Ǣ Ţ , ¢ â째 ո 츨 츢! ĸǢ â째 ո ! ǢĢ Ǣ Ƣ š ɢ ¢â ! Ǣ [Environment] Ţ â! ú ¢ Ţ׸ 측! ĸǢ â š Ã, â Ħ â 츢. ȡ , š â ﺧ 측!

á ĸ Ũ ĸ θ 2 Ģ Ƣ ! ž, 50 Ģ šġ θ. 쾢 š , ž, ɢ ɡ Ţ ̸ ¡ â¡! ¢ Ģ [Lithium] ú 츢 ! Ţ׸ Ȣ . ɾ [High Vacuum] Ũ ! Ţ , , 츢 á ̾ġ , ھ¡ , , 츢 Ө Ȣ ¡!

á¢ θ !

ȡθ 쾢 ĸ ھ¡ â ̾ , 쾢 ! Ȣ째Ǣ ! θǡ â측, ɼ, ɢ, É¡, á, Ģ, ġ, Ƣ θ ɢ򧾡, 𼡸š 쾢 , 츢 ¡ ӾĢ Ȣ ȡ 츢! ɡ Ш Ȣ , ġ! ɢ ! ڨ ! 츢 Ȣ즸 ! ¢, տ á¢ " " [Turning Point] ! Ш 쾢 ĸ , θ ܼ ġ!
 

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â :  .,â 2000