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logo.gif (31909 bytes)pathivukal.gif (1975 bytes)             Pathivugal  ISSN 1481-2991

â:..â                                    Editor: V.N.Giritharan
2005 71 -
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Pathivukal
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"¢ ̾ Ģ θ !  Ģ θ Ƣ, ʧ¡ ̾ǡ â,  !  ⧸ θ [Crusts] ¢ [Liquid Core] š  !  Ǣ ,  [Continental Drift & Plate Tectonics] ׸ [Fossil Records] ڸ Ǣ츢".

Ń, š [Dr. Alfred Wegener (1880-1930)] 

â׸ !

kASMIR TRAGEDYŢξ 2005 짼 8 ӾӾ ġȢ ż ̾ 7.6 â Ţ ̨ 140 Ÿ 츢 ã ʼ ܼ Ǣ Ţ!  Ȣ â ý 󧾡 쨸 56,000 짼 16 , 90,000 [짼 27] Ȣ ¢ ȢŢ .  Ǣ Ţ ս ̨ 3 Ģ ţθ ġ, Ǣ Ţ츢ȡ!  ̾¢ 2000 ý 󾾡 â.  2005 â측Ţ ȡǢ âɡŢ Ȩ Ţ 20 ¡ á , â측Ţ Ǣ š ڸ!  2004 ھ¢ 󧾡ɺ¡ ĸ ɡ èĸ 츢 ɡ ̾Ǣ 230,000 ¢!  Ģ . 1991 ȡǢ ¢ ǡ ̾Ǣ 140,000 Ȣθ.

¡ Ҩ ¡!

Indian Plate
ţǢ Ŀ â׸ ¡ ¡ Ӽ ɡ.  м Ţ ž š ¡, ź ġ ¡, Ǣá Ţ¡ Ţ ɡ.  , Ţ š ¢.  Ǣ, , , ܼ Ȩ Ģ .  ¡ ɢ θǢĢ ž Ǣ ڨ .  â Ŀá Ӆá , ġ¢ м, ܼ ġ ž.  Ŀá ġĢ 40 Ӆá .  ġ м, á ¢ Ģ ¡ и !

Ǣâ , ¾ɡ, 𧼡 ž ¢츽측 ܼ !  ̨ 200,000 ܼ ¢.  ɡ 500,000 ܼ.  â ú ܼ: 1500.  ɡ 츢 500 쨸 ġ Ӿ Ţ.  ɢ θ ź : 30,000 Χ!  Ţ ġȢ â ڸȡ.  ӾĢ ţθ ¢ ǡ ž, 񧼡 Ҩ . " ¡ Ҩ ¡," ú â Ȣɡ!

!

Indian Subcontienent
⧸ ġ Ģ ո!  ոĢ Ǣ ڸ ڸ ո!  ̾ á 򦾡 ¡ ! â측 żӨ¢ !  š¢ ׸ ż ¢ š ׸ 츢 !  ż â측, á Ţĸ Ǣ ¡츢 ո!  â측Ţ Ģɢ¡ ¢ ġ Ċ , ż â 츢!  ¡Ţ ż , Ȣ ¡츢 ¢츢!  , ż츢 ԧú μ ̾ Ȣ, Ŀ ¢ Ţ¡!

 ¾¢ 1.6 [40 Ģ ] ż 츢 θ!  Ţ θ , Ƣ [Crust] Ҩ ظ!   .  ż ¢ , ԧú ѨƸ!  ¾ " Ѩ" [Plate Subduction] θ. θ Ţ ¡ [Compressive Motion] [Slip] Ţ и [Thrust Faults] . Ȣ ȢӸ и: 2004 ɡ 츢 󧾡ɺ¡ , Ģɢ¡Ţ â¡ ,  â ¨ 츢ɨ.   

ż ̾, ż ̾ ȡθǡ ̾ Ģ¡ Ţ.  ..894 M:7.5 [Mercalli Scale] Ŀ 1,50,000 񼾡 Ȣθ.  1668 M:7.6 . 1819 M:7.5 3200 ý.  1935 ̦Ţ M:8.1 30,000 񼾡 Ȣθ. 1985 M:7.5 , 1991 M:6.7, 1993 M:7.0 ɢ ̉ 򦾡â 񼡸 ý. 1997 փɢ M:7.3, 2001 ̃á M:7.6, ý:11,500 , 2002 - ̾¢ M:6.3 , 15,000 ţ.

ɸ Ţ ¡? 

짼 8 ̾Ǣ ţθ, ĸ Ǣܼ ¢!  Ǣ¢ Ǹ ¢츽측 ¢ռ Ҩ.  ʼ , ̸ ¢á ¡ , !  ã ʼ θǡ !  á ¡ Ţ ¡¢!  , ú и 쨸 򾾡 ȺȢɡ, ¡ Ţ Ţ!  â Ţ ¢ š Ǣ Ţ!  ̾¢ [Skee] á Ӹ ո Ƣ , , Ţ Ҹ Ȣθ.

Jayabarathan 󧾡 Ţ â Ģâ Ȣ .  20,000 ź ɢ ĸ Ȣ 񽡸 ¢ ؾ¡!  24 á ¢ ĸ 󾨼 ¢!  â 200 Ǹ Ǣܼ !  á ¢ɨ ȡ 󾾡 Ȣ θ!  Ţ ¢ Ǣ , Ÿ 츢ȡ 𧼡â !  ɡ ¡ 측 ý ¡ â, ¢ â׸Ǣ Ȣ 𧼡 Ӿ Ţ, 츢 Ũ Ǣ¢ Ţ á .
    

:
1. Time Magazine Article, "Nightmare in the Mountains," By: Tim McGrik (Oct 24, 2005)
2. The Kashmir Earthquake By Washington Post (Oct 12, 2005)
3. Himalayan Tectonic Setting Earthquake Program.
4. Earthquake History & Scismicity in the Northwest Region of Indian Sub-continent. [http://asc-india.org/scismic/pakistan.htm]
5. New York Times -As Pakistan Reels, Musharraf Pleads for International Aid By: Somini Sengupta  
(Oct 8, 2005)
6. Quake Homeless in Urgent Need of Tents By: Martin Regg Cohn, Asia Bureau (Oct 17, 2005)
 

jayabarat@tnt21.com [S. Jayabarathan (October 28, 2005)]

 

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