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logo.gif (31909 bytes)pathivukal.gif (1975 bytes)             Pathivugal  ISSN 1481-2991

â:..â                                    Editor: V.N.Giritharan
짼 2005 70 -
 ׸ 
Pathivukal
׸ ﺢ ĸ θ Ȣ š ǡ š ո. Ţ¡  ŧ ׸Ǣ Ţ . ¡ Ţ . Ţ ngiri2704@rogers.com 
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׸Ǣ Ǣ¡ Ţ Ţþ . ׸ Ũ¢ . Ǣ¡ 츢 . ׸. Ȣ âŢ и ׸Ǣиǡ Φ.
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ȢŢ!
â째 и  
Ģ ø츢 âɡ! 

. þ B.E.(Hons) P.Eng (Nuclear), ɼ

Katrina Victim
ؾ ɢ! ר
ؾ ɢ!
ɡ, ! 
.
¢ ,
Ƣ,
ɡ! 
Ƣ    
 
ؾ ̾!  
 
- Ǣ [Led Zeppelin Lyrics (1929)]

Ҹ ȡǢ ¢
ɾ!
ɡ ¨


Ţ ! 
տ ؾ  
â째
տ ø !

"â째 âɡ Ģ Ǣ ŢŢ .  и θ [The City Levee System] ̾ , Ǣ 츢 , ø Ƣ׸ټ , ú ټ Ǣ ¡ Ţġ."   

- š š [Ivor Van Heerden, Marine Scientist, Louisiana State University]

"ﺡʨ âԼ [Lake Pontchartrain] š Ǣ Ҹ ȡ.  , ȸ, Ȩ, ž ¡ 𨼸, 츢 , ̸, Ģ ¡â ոȡ."   

- š [Walter Baumy, Manager, Army Corps of Engineers (Aug 31, 2005)]

" и ̸ ȡ.  ɡ ¡ Ƣ¢ Ţ ." 

- ģ ǡ [Louisiana Governor (Aug 31, 2005)]

ĸ â째 и !

Katrina Aftermath2300 θ ҧ ǡ , ĸ Ţ󨾸Ǣ ȡ ɡŢ [The Great Wall of China] 1500 .  ɡ â측Ţ 셢 Ũ̼ ¢ Ģ Ȣ [Levees] 340 [560 .] , ơ ¡ ̾ и ո.  򾢧 ɡŢ ̨ ¢, ĸ Ǣ 񼾡 ġ.  Ģ ż째 ﺡʨ â [Lake Pontchartrain], 째 â [Lake Borgne], , Ȣ 셢 Ũ̼ ̾ǡ !  , â째 ȡǢ ¢ , ̾Ǣ â ҸǢ и 츢.  

ȡ θ 1965 â Ţ: 3-4 [Category: 3-4] â째 [Hurricane Betsy] ¡ ȡǢ ¢ Ģ ź Ģ . ɡ и ҸǢ, Ǹ á ̾Ǣ [St. Charles, St. Bernard, Plaquemines Parishes] 23 Ũ Ţ.  Ψ¡ Ţ: (4-5) Ģ â째 âɡ и âɡ ž ҽ , â쨸 Ǣ.  , θǡ, ã ǡ . ɡ ¡ Ţ: 3 ̾째 𼾡, âɡŢ ʨ ġ â쨸 ¡ Ө Ţ!  Ҹ Ģ , á 츢 ŢŢ Ţ!

Ģ !

Levees and flood walls

ȡǢ տ Ƣ, 2005 30 š ƨ , â 80% ̾Ǣ, .  ӾĢ 측 150 Ÿ 츢 , Ģ 200 Ѩ!  Ȣ Ÿ 100 ġ , â Ţ 500 ¡ ӾӦ ¡ Ѩ զġ 20 ġ .  ã á Ģ Ǣ, ܼ , š , ţθ, ¡ տǢ ¢!       

2003 Ӿ á ú 򦾡 [Federal Fund] ̨ .  ú á , и, â ̨ ȡ Ƣ Ţ.  2004 ﺡʨ â ҉ 20% ̨ ž . 
      
1. 2004 ﺡʨ â ̾ â째 и 츢 ¢ġ¡ 20% [750 Ģ ] ǧ ҉ Ǣ šǢ. 

2. 2005 20 Ģ , ҉ ú, 3.9 Ģ ħ . 

3. , ɸ ո Ĩ ¡.  ɢ á, 5 Ģ 츢.   
 
Ǣž ɸ!

â á ¢ Ǣ ̾ ɢ .  Ģ CH-53 ĢǢ 1360 ġ á 츢 ȡ. ǢŢ! ʸǢ Ǣ .  Ө Ţ!  â ̾Ǣ Ǣ 22 , ¡ â ɾ Ģ ӾĢ и ź .  ¡ ǢȢ ո.  м Ģ Ҹ Ţ,  
ո.  š Ģ , ̾Ǣ Ǣ 24 Ӿ 80 ġ θ.     

ɢ !

Ģ â ̾ áâ 6 š .  ġȢ ơ 20 š, ġ š Ȣθ.  ̨ â ̾ [907 .] , Χ 츢.  ¡ ̾ Ģ Ţ ¡, ﺢɢ, š, , Ǣ Ҹ ġ Өȸ , â ¡ .  ̨ [2.5 .] ܼ ̾Ǣ Ȣ 츢 Ţ.  â áâ Ƣ 90 ..       

Ģ š츢 ҽ 1718 Ӿ â ̾ и.  Ӿ 󾾢 â Ȣ , , Ţ .  1965 â째 Ģ ̾ 츢 Ţ , Ǣ .  ¢ Ţ: (4-5) â째Ǣ ʨ ȧ .  Ģ Ȣ , Ҩ Ȣ Ȣ ո.  񸡽 ﺢɢ ɡ, Ũ Ũ Ţ. 

տ տø 츢 â째 âɡ! 

Ģ 480,000 šžâ .  ɡ š Ƣ Шȸ 1.3 Ģ 丢 θ.  ( 7, 2005) âɡŢ 10,000 ġ ġ Ȣ θ.  80% š Ƣ ̨ â 60% ͸ , Ţ , â¡ ո и 45,000 Ţ ȢŢ θ.  ǢȢ Ҹ â š ġ ﺢɢ ڸȡ.  

Ģ ¡ ǢȢ Ţ𼾡, 400,000 , , ú Ţ Ţ.  ǢȢ, Ƣ θ á츢, 򾣸â ¢ ʿ, , âš, , , ź ɢ 򦾡 (50-60) Ģ ġ θ.  ɢ 10 θǢ ﺢɢ [Army Corps of Engineers] ġ [Southeast Louisiana Urban Flood Control Unit (SELA)] 430 Ģ , Ǣ , Ȩ â, ᢠƢ .  ¢ ¢âġ Ģ , ǨҸ [Infrastructure] š츢 θ ܼ ġ.      

:

1. New Orleans Levees No Match for Katrina By: David Crary [AP National Writer (Aug 31, 2005)]
2. Why the Levee Broke By: Will Bunch, Attytood [www.alternet.org/story/24871/] (Sep 1, 2005)
3. New Orleans Levees Patched, Army Starts Pumping Water, [Update: 2 & 6] (Sep 6, 2005) 
4. Law Enforcement May Forcibly Remove New Orleans Residents By: Scott Gold & Lianne Hart [www.Newsday.com] [Times Staff Reporters (September 7, 2005)] 
5. When the Levee Breaks By: Bill Diskoch, CTV.ca News Writer (Sep 5, 2005)
6. Mayor of New Orleans Orders Forced Evaquations By: CTV.ca News Staff (Sep 7, 2005)
7. An American Tragedy, Time Magazine Special Report (Sep 2, 2005) Picture Courtesy: Time. 

jayabarat@tnt21.com [S. Jayabarathan (September 21, 2005)]

 

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