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â 2005 62 -
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Tsunami Warning System"ɡ â쨸 á, Ţš Ģ Ш θ, ¢ Өθ , á Ƣ ã Ţ, Ţ 񸡽Ҹ Ÿ ž !  Ţ θ ¢ټ ¡.  ɡ ը ȢŢ, š ̾¢ â š ɢ Ǣš â쨸 Ģ .  о ¡ . 츼 ɡ â쨸 30 Ŀ Ũɢ [Seismographs], 10 Ţ [Tidal Gauges], 6 ɡ 쨸 [Deep Ocean Assessment & Reporting of Tsunamis (DART) Buoys] .  츼 â쨸 ȢŢ θ , 2005 20 Ģ šġ. á ." 

þ Ţﻡɢ Ģ [ 츼 ɡ â쨸 , Ţ ܼ, Ģ¡] 

" 츼Ģ ɡ Ǣ Ȣ ¡!  ɡ 2004 ʺ, 2005 â Ǣ ƢŢ, ƢŢ !  Ȣ Өȸ ¡ ɡ Ģ¢ 񸡽 , ĸ ġ¢ ¢ !" 

Ţﻡɢ á Ċ

Tsunami Warning System in Pacific" 츼 1965 Ӿ 26 θ ɧ ɡ â쨸 ȢŢ Ǣ ¸ [National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)] ¢ á ¡Ȣ ո.  츼 Ţâ θ , ĸ θ ȢŢ 񸡽 ġ." 

á ġ [ 츼 ɡ â쨸 , Ţ ܼ, Ģ¡] 

" Ŀ  , ̾ Ţ 󾢼  ú Ȣר Ҹ .  ¢ , ɡ Ȣ ž , ̾ Ţ ǢȢ š 20 ǢĢ 2 츢!"

Ģ [US Geological Survey National Earthquake Information Centre] 

" 츼 ɡ â쨸 , Ȣ 츼 θټ , 򾢼 Ţ ¡á 츢ȡ." 

á á [Koichiro Matsuura, Director UNESCO] 

ۨ:  츢¢ ź Ƣ ԾǢ [Weapons of Mass Destruction] ɡ ġ â Ծ վΨ 2004 츼 ɡ 츢!  1895 Ӿ 2004 Ũ š¢ 12 Ţ ɡ 츢 츢. 1998 丢ɢ Ţ 7.1 â Ţ 񼡸 19 ¢ , 15 Ǣ ¡ 100 ţ , ɡ 2200 á 츨 !  2004 Ǣ ɡ , 12 측 θǢ 226,000 м, 500,000 , Ģ ǡ ɡǡ âŢ, ĸ θǢ Ţ ħ ոȡ!

..1645 š ɢ [Aegean Island of Santorini] â, ¾ Ģ ɡ Ţ [Crete Island] š ɡ 측 ã ¢ [Minoan Civilization] 񦼡Ƣ š ڸȡ!  13 ȡ , Ǣ Ҹ Ţâ Ţ  ĸǡ ¢ θ!  ţ Ը 1883 ¢ [ ] øš â 츼Ģ 120 Ţ ɡ 񼡸, 츢 ŢǢ ̾ 36,000 ɾ ġȢ ؾ !

ɡ¢ ̽

š "ɡ" ɢ , â Ȣ Ģ [Tidal Waves] ĸ ȡ ȡ. ĸǡ ɡ èĸ ý ĸ .  ȡ ĸ ¢ ¢ , â Ģ Ţ â ȡ ¡, çǢ Ƣ׸, ý Ĩ!  Ǣ¢Ģ Ţ츢 Ţ [Meteorite] Ģ Ţ Ƣ, ¡ ! 

Tsunami in Asiaɡ ĸ ž Ţ¡ ç !  զ ¡ , á ɡ¢ ҸǢ . ¢ ɡ Ǣ ȡ, ̾Ǣ վθ!  츼 츨 Ч ɡ¢ Ӿ !  ɡ¢ ̾ Ţ ¡ Ţ,  񸡽 â쨸 ȢŢ и ¡á , ġ¢ ¢ .  ¢ ɡ èĸ ţθ, Ǣܼ, ɸ, ţ, ̸, š, ¢ , , ڸ ɢ Ш ź и ¡.  1945 Ծ Ƣ á, 츢 , 󧾡ɺ¡Ţ á Ţ ż ̾ Ƣ 2005 θ!

1964 ġŢ â ŢĢ [Prince William Sound, Alaska] ġ ̾¢ ɡ èĸ 90 ̾Ǣ , â측Ţ 90 Ģ Ţ м, 119 !  ɡ 츼Ģ 2004 ʺ 26 ɡ 12 θǢ >226,000 м, 5 Ģ ʿâȢ, ŢȢ, ĢȢ ɡǡ Ţ ۾ , 측 âĢ ħ ոȡ. , ɡ¡ 󨾸 1.5 Ģ ɢ θ! 

츼 ɡ â쨸 Ţ

ո 9.0 â 𼨾 8 Ǣ , ɡ â쨸 ȢŢ ӾĢ 󧾡ɺ¡, ġ, θ 15 ȢŢ!  ȢŢ 𼽢¢ ¡, , ׸ θǡ ġŢ, ȢŢ Ŀ Ȣ, ɡ¡ šġ âŢ츢!  츼 θǢ ȢŢ, Өȸ , ̾ ȢŢ ¡, ¢ 측 츨, 󨾸 Ģ¢ â!  â쨸 󧾡ɺ¡, ġ θ ̾ ȢŢ и Ţ Ţ 츢! 

츼 ɡ â쨸 ȢŢ θ , 2005 (20-30) Ģ šġ , (18-24) Ţﻡɢ Ģ θȡ.  ¡ ¡ ɡ, ĸ θ Ţ 4000 Ģ¨ [â 5, 2005] Ţ !  ɡǡ 5 Ģ ɡ , ʧ ź ž Ģ 츢 , â쨸 θ (20-30) Ģ Ƣ 츼 θ ţ Ţ ȡ. 

򾨸 ý, ܼ 󧾡ɺ¡, ¡, , ġ, ĺ¡ θ 츼 ɡ â쨸 Ţ Ţ 2005 â 6 ¢ ġ . 츢 è¢ ¡ á á [Koichiro Matsuura, Director UNESCO] 츼 ɡ â쨸 , 츼 θ , 򾢼 ¡á â â 4 Ȣɡ. 

ɡ Ģ 񸡽 

ڸǢȢ Ģ , Ҿ ɡ â쨸 â측Ţ Ǣ ¸ [National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)] ʨ ¡â.  񸡽 Ө¢ ɡ 쨸 츼  Ţ, š- Ш째 ɨ ȢŢ [Deep Ocean Assessment & Reporting Sensors (DART)] ¨ θ.  á է ɡ 20 [>60 ] 󾾡 Ȣθ!  Ţ ɡ¢ ġ, 츢  Ǩ Ш째 âŢ . 1965 Ӿ ɢ [Tidal Gauges] Ǣ ¡ 쨸 , ɡ â쨸 ȡ [False Alarm] 츨 Ȣ Ţ !  ɡ ŢǢ ɢ [Sea Water Pressure Sensors] θ Ģ ȢŢ ž!

ɡ â쨸 š¢, ġ Ǣ Ÿ 26 θ 24 񸡽 ո. š¢¢ â쨸 1948 ʧ Ÿ!  1965 â쨸 ӾĢ 6 [Buoys] Ģ ɢ [Tidal Gauges] Ǣ .  14 Ģ ġ Ȣθ.  󧾡ɺ¡, ġ θ â쨸 , ɡ ġ ȢŢ Ģ¡ Ȣ â쨸 ¡ ¢ 측 ý Ţ, ɢ ¡ ȡ!

â측Ţ š ¸, Ǣ Ш째 [NOAA-M Environmental Satellite Network] 800 Ģ Ţ 񸡽 â쨸 ո.  м 츼 ,  Ţ áâ ռ 8 Ģ θ.  ¢  Ţ,  Ţ [Seafloor Bottom Sensors] Ŀ . ɡ Ǣ Ǩ ¨!  Ţ 20,000 [6000 ] 츢 θ. 15 [4.3 ] 8 [2.5 ] .  ĸ ġ, ǡ [Anchors]  Ȣ .  Ţ¢ 쨸 Ģ ĸǡ , ¢ [Buoy] š, ɨ 쨸¡ Ш θ.  š¢, ġ ɡ â쨸 Ш째 ո.  š¢ ġ Ũ 26 θ θ.

츼 ɡ

ɡ, Ţ , , 츨 Ţ!  , ը ¡ ɡ Ţ â쨸 , ġ ɡ, ġ¢ ¢ и !  Ħ š 10 θ áâ 57 ɡ Ǿ 츢 ! 1990 Ũ 82 ɡ â!  Ȣ 10 ɡ 4000 츨 Ǿ Ȣθ!  ɢ , Ģɢ¡Ţ ȢŢ , ̾ Ţ .  Ƹ š ú Ţ Ҹ , ɡ¢ Ӿ ţ 쨸 ¢ ¢ Ţ ɡ¢ ȡ ⾸ ¡ 𼾡 Ȣθ! 

ɡ¢ θ 2005 â 6 Ţ ɡ šý è¢, ɡ â쨸 츼 ɾ .  â측Ţ š- Ш째 [NOAA-M Satellite] 2002 21 , 2003 Ӿ 26 θ , ɡ  ȢŢ ո.  Ҿ 츼 ɡ â쨸 , š- Ш ټ ġ վθ.  š ɢ ĸ Ţﻡɢ ǡŢ ⧸ ɡ â쨸 [Global Tsunami Warning System] ĸ ž £â [Beatrice Ann Bowser] Ţﻡ â 11, 2005 Ȣɡ.

ɡ θ

ú ɡ â쨸 ġ , , ҽ Ǣ .  ɡ, , á ¡ " Ƣ š ¸" [National Disaster Management Authority (DMA)] Ţ.  þ Ţﻡ ȢШ  [Ministry of Science & Technology] ӾĢ ɡ â쨸 츢.  ú á, á ټ ¡ Ш Ƣ š [Local Diaster Management Centres] ¡ġ ɢ .  Ш š á , Ш¢, , â/Ǣܼ , ŽШȸǢ þ, š þ, Ǣ þ, ¢/Ȣ /ݾ Ȣ þ, 𺢸Ǣ þ .  ؾ ġɸ, ġ. 

ɡ ž Ţ , Ģ ܼ Ģ ý, , 쨸, Ÿ, , Ӿ Ţ , и, ͸ 򦾡 ȡ , ɢ .  , ɡ θ, Ţ и Өȸ ¡, 𧼡 Ӿ Ţ , ¡ ¡ Ţ , ȢŢ ¢ Өȸ Ţ Ǣܼ, â, ĸ, ɢ , á, á  , , , / Ǣ .  ¡ Ǣ Ȣ¡ š վ, Լ .  񼸡 .

J.Barathanɡ¢ ŢŢ ¢ Ţ ¡?  ĸ Ţ Ţ , ɢ ŢӼ ɢ ġ.  ġ ¡á¢, ɡ , , Ƣ, , , , á, ըμ , ɡ, 𧼡 Ţ Ũ Ţ Ƣ¢ 2004 ɡ "Ҿ ۿ" Ҹ ¢ ! 

:
Picture Credits: AP Photos, Time, Newsweek, Toronto Star, The Hindu & The Following Web Sites.
1. Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System Will Cost Just 1.9 Million-Dollar (Jan 4, 2005) [http://news.scotsman.com/latest.cfm]
2. UNESCO Ready to Create Tsunami Warning System in Indian Ocean (Jan 4, 2004) [www.itar-tass.com/eng]
3. Physics of Tsunamis [http://wcatwc.gov/physics.htm]
4. How a Tsunami Forms? Toronto Star (Dec 27, 2004)
5. Asia to Seek Help on Warning System, Indonesia Death Rates 19% (Jan 4, 2005) [www.bloomberg.com/apps/news.
6. Tsunami Warning System [www.geophys.washington.edu/tsunami] (Jan 3, 2005)
7. The Tsunami Warning System in the Pacific (May 8, 1997) 
8. The Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) [http://ioc.unesco.org/goos/docs/whatis01.htm]
9. Tsunami Research Activities [www.prh.noaa.gov/pr/itic]
10 Early Warning System Could Have Saved Lives [www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/] (Jan 5, 2005]
11 US Geological Survey "Warnings Could Have Saved Thousands" (Dec 27, 2004)
12 CBC News "Hell, Highwater & Heartache" [www.cbc.ca/newsbackground/asia_earthquake] (Jan 6, 2005)
13 Physics of Tsunami By: Frank Gonzalez [www.sciam.com/] (May 18, 1999) 
14 Tsunami Ready Community Requirements [www.prh.noaa.gov/ptwc/tsunamiready/requirements.htm]
15 Press Information Bureau, Govt of India [www.pib.nic.in/release] (Jan 11, 2005)

jayabarat@tnt21.com 
[S. Jayabarathan (Rivised January 22, 2005)]


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